The editor’s role in producing your book
The editor’s role in producing your book is to edit the manuscript to make sure it is well-structured and error-free, so it is ready for the next stage of production.
A brief overview of the editing process
First, the editor needs to clarify the manual to be used as the main guide when editing the manuscript. There are several manuals that could be used. The main guide I use when editing Australian publications is the current edition of the Australian Style Manual.
The editor creates a style sheet to ensure the language, style and formatting are consistent throughout the manuscript. For more information about how to create a style sheet go to: IPEd – the editing style sheet.
The editor needs to decide whether the language, style and overall design of your manuscript meet the needs or expectations of the intended audience. If they don’t, the editor may recommend major structural changes; for example, moving chapters around, deleting chapters or sections, writing or rewriting paragraphs or even whole chapters.
The editor will consult with the writer about who is the best person to make those corrections; for example, the writer might do the extra writing required and the editor might do the rewriting and the other major corrections.
For more information go to: Structural editing
Line editing and fact-checking
Non-fiction manuscripts should always be edited so they have correct grammar, spelling and punctuation. Fiction and creative non-fiction manuscripts need to be edited so they are consistent in style. will be easily understood by the reader, and are ‘believable’ – that is, they show what people really would say and do in those situations.
The editor may need to fact-check the manuscript by cross-checking the information in the manuscript with other sources to make sure it is correct. Information that may need to be checked includes ensuring all descriptions of items, places or events that are based on real things are correct. It may include checking photo captions, referencing, links to web pages and quotes from other publications.
Fact-checking is usually undertaken as part of the line editing process.
Copy editing (which some people call ‘proofreading’) means correcting the spelling, punctuation and occasional grammatical errors remaining in the document so that the manuscript is ready for the graphic design stage.
Copy editing includes ensuring the following are correct: the inside pages text, the cover text; captions, footnotes and/or endnotes; and the ‘extras’ such as introduction, preface, half-page information and appendices.
For more information go to: Copyediting.
How many edits does a manuscript need?
Most (but not all) manuscripts need to be edited more than once, and each time a manuscript is edited, this is called an editing ‘pass’.
- If the manuscript needs major structural corrections, the editor will need to undertake at least one structural editing pass to ensure the manuscript is ready for the line editing stage.
- If the manuscript needs a large number of grammatical corrections as well as spelling and punctuation corrections, the editor will need to undertake one or two editing passes, or more if required, to ensure the manuscript is ready for the copy editing stage.
- Whether or not the manuscript has undergone structural or line editing, if it is correct apart from spelling, punctuation and occasional grammatical errors, it is ready for copy editing. This is usually able to be done in one editing pass.
What happens after the copy editing stage?
Stay posted: I am currently writing articles on the graphic design and final proofreading stages of self-publishing your book, as well as information about what to do next if you want your book to be published by a publishing company. I will copy the links here when each of these articles is finished.
Helpful links to more information about editing
The information in this article is drawn from my own experiences as owner/operator of On Time Typing: editing and proofreading reports, policies and publications; writing, compiling and self-publishing hard copy publications; and sharing information with other professional editors. See this blog for other articles about editors and editing, proofreaders and proofreading.
Proofread by Dee Sansom, On Time Typing.
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